introductory phrases sentences

It’s a pleasure to meet you. After getting stung by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by a bee, Janice cried for . Like an infinitive phrase, always set this introductory phrase off with a comma: An absolute phrase also adds information to the main clause, providing context for the reader to interpret the rest of the sentence. Stacked introductory phrases and dependent clauses also need commas: The next day,↑to avoid another argument,↑they arrived at the bus stop early. Mitchell also regularly edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. Take a look at how some writers approached their essays and analyze why they work so well. The prepositional phrase adds information to the main clause, often about a location or timing. There can be more than one introductory clause, phrase or word in a sentences. This type of introductory phrase offers a little more detail about the way in which something is happening or the reason for which it is happening. . . "As a lifelong crabber (that is, one who catches crabs, not a chronic complainer), I can tell you that anyone who has patience and a great love for the river is qualified to join the ranks of crabbers. An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. It may also include a direct object of the verb. As you can see, there are many ways you can build on these phrases to paint a bigger, better and more descriptive picture of … Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. “You ate fish.” More complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to add additional information about what is described. Introductory phrases also set the stage for the main action of the sentence, but they are not complete clauses. Absolute Phrases. According to Marks and Peters . An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. You should put a comma after an introductory clause or phrase: Though the agency had studied this issue before, it went ahead with another study. Before he lit the candles, he made sureBefore he lit the candles, he made sure his fire extinguisher was close at hand.his fire extinguisher was close at hand. We like to think of it as setting the stage for the rest of the sentence. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. These can also be good alternative options in cases where “On the other hand” feels too informal or has been overused. An introductory adverbial phrase is often set off by a comma but need not be unless misreading is likely. As introductory phrases, they usually modify the subject of the sentence. Introductory Phrases In most cases, introductory phrases perform important functions: they are used to introduce something. Correct: Looking for help, the man fell on his knees to beg. These examples can clear up any confusion: In general, it’s usually correct to use a comma after an introductory phrase. No comma is necessary because the introductory phrase is only three words. It is correct to use a comma and also correct to leave it out, as you can see in the example below: Using an introductory infinitive phrase also provides information to the reader, often about why something is happening. X asserts that . Regarding word count, introduction typically occupies 10-15% of your paper. How to use introductory in a sentence. comma. A phrase that starts with a preposition and comes at the beginning of a sentence. Phrases don't have both a subject and a verb that are separate from the subject and verb in the main clause of the sentence. . It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. Because she had seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation (to the movie). When you see a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, this signals an introductory phrase, and you know a comma is coming at the end of that subordinate phrase, as illustrated in these examples: Because his favorite team lost the Super Bowl, he … Here are some examples of sentences with introductory prepositional phrases: "After work, I like to go out for dinner." Commas are placed after the introductory clause, phase or words. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. What Are Linking Verbs & Predicate Words. The word "to" followed by the base form of a verb is called an infinitive, and it is used to talk about the verb in the abstract, not connected with a subject. A complete sentence has a subject and predicate, and can often be composed of more than one clause. "To Judy, he gave a gold bracelet." Use them as introductory phrases to give more information about the circumstances in the main clause. QUIZ TIME!QUIZ TIME! However, like all aspects of the English language, there are a few exceptions. Here are 20 phrases you can use: 1) Thank you for your message/email/phone call. His gentle introductory tone modulates into a football coach's pre-game pep talk. Shorter adverbial phrases are less likely to merit a comma than longer ones. . Introductory Prepositional Phrases An introductory prepositional phrase is a prepositional phrase that comes at the beginning of a sentence. 99 examples: Similar examples of "incoherence" appear throughout the introductory stanzas… Introductory phrases are usually followed by a comma to separate from the independent clause. Clauses, phrases or words that come at the beginning of the sentence. Appositive phrases usually come after the nouns they describe, but they may come before it, as they do when they are introductory phrases. After the welcome address and the introduction of the speaker comes the presentation of the topic. You can use this as an introductory phrase, giving the reader more information about the subject of the sentence or another noun. (Introductory dependent clause.) An introductory absolute phrase requires a comma to set it off from the main clause, as you can see in these examples: An appositive phrase offers an alternative description of a noun in the sentence. If none of these phrases fits, “on the other hand” is probably wrong, too. Published on May 1, 2015. Consider using the following after you have given the author's name (and the year or notation): X states that . . They contain supporting or descriptive information about the rest of the sentence's subject, main idea or main action. introductory example sentences. Which one of the following is the best definition of an introductory prepositional phrase? In an introductory prepositional phrase, the sentence starts with a preposition and a few words that follow it. The Purdue Owl also advises that the comma after some introductory elements, such as “a brief prepositional phrase,” may be left out. You can see the proper punctuation in these examples: If an introductory prepositional phrase is made up of fewer than five words and does not require a pause, the comma is optional. Some style guides allow for short introductory phrases to precede the independent clause of a sentence without a comma if … It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. Consider whether the phrase adds important clarifying information about the subject. And you. (The infinitive phrase is used as a modifier) Likewise. She graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater. They introduce something. You should always use a comma after an introductory infinitive phrase, as you can see in these examples: A participial phrase is another form of verb phrase. Introductory infinitive phrases act as adverbs. X claims that . Introductory Phrase: Example: stating information that is not “common knowledge” [use relevant style guide’s in-text citation format] As [Author] indicated/ stated/ discovered; According to [Author], As Smith indicated in a 2010 study . "To Judy" is a noun phrase and the indirect object of the verb. In the sentence, "A great composer, Wagner wrote famous operas," "a great composer" is an appositive phrase describing Wagner. They are used as background information, extra information. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. I just wanted to introduce myself. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn't have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers . Introductory phrases. 4. There are several different types of introductory phrases, and there are specific rules for using these correctly. Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. Introductory phrases and clauses. Each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence. Participle phrases are different from gerund phrases in that participles act as adjectives and gerunds act as nouns. Participles are verbs ending in "-ing" or "-ed" that act as adjectives, and participial phrases are composed of participles and the other words that describe the participle's action. In a well-constructed first paragraph, that first sentence leads into three or four sentences that provide details about the subject you address in the body of your essay. There are five common types of introductory phrases, and it’s important to understand how to use each one correctly. "Next door, the woman screamed." #1 and #2 are used to introdu Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, How to Start Sentences With Adjective Phrases. What Is an Introductory Phrase? In the sentence, "To keep the dog, you must prove you can take care of it," "to keep the dog" is an infinitive phrase. You can see how this works in this introductory phrase example: Galloping quickly, the horse reached the other side of the pasture in less than a minute. An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. All Rights Reserved, Introductory phrase horse galloping quickly. It sets the stage for the main clause, allowing the reader to understand the context of what is happening. Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. These worksheets provide practice writing sentences with introductory phrases. It may have a subject or a … 2.2. Don't miss our introductor If it does, it’s called an introductory clause. It may have a subject or a verb, but it can’t have both. 4) I hope this finds you well. 2. Identify the introductory parts of theseIdentify the introductory parts of these sentences as either phrases or clauses:sentences as either phrases or clauses: 1.1. Introductory Phrases. X agrees that . The rain finally over, we left the shelter of the trees and walked on. Simply speaking, they build a stage for the rest of the sentence. Use a comma after an absolute phrase at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence. If the phrase is a nice addition to the sentence but is not necessary for clarity, you should use a comma: However, if the introductory appositive phrase is necessary to the sentence, you should not use a comma. In the sentence, "Running like the wind, Sasha began to gain on him," "running like the wind" describes Sasha. Sometimes, these introductory phrases start with “the” instead of “a” or “an.” If the phrase does provide important clarifying information, don’t use a comma. 20 Sentences and Phrases for Beginning an Email. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." An infinitive phrase begins with the word “to” and includes a verb. E.g. 3) I hope you had a great weekend. Need help getting that email started? The introduction is a perfect place to set the scene and make a good first impression. (Introductory dependent clause.) After researching the issue, the committee settled the dispute before the media even noticed. The phrases are usually set off with a comma. When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. It can act as a noun, adjective or adverb. My name’s… [your name] This is… I’d like you to meet… Have you met… ? These phrases also provide location and other helpful information. To use it properly, you need to use a comma after the introductory prepositional phrase to set it apart from the rest of the sentence if the phrase is longer than four words. Absolute phrases can be placed anywhere in a sentence. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory absolute phrase. If I were you, I would research the case thoroughly. Here are some useful introductory phrases.Today I am here to talk to you about…What I am going to talk about today is…I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about…I am delighted to be here today to tell you about…I want to make you a short presentation about…I’d like to give you a brief breakdown of… Before you learn how to correctly use and punctuate an introductory phrase, you need to have a clear understanding of what one is and why you would use it in a sentence. An appositive phrase is a noun phrase that describes another noun. Stephanie Mitchell is a professional writer who has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors. . “The other day, I met an old friend.” When writing a sentence, sometimes you may wish to set the scene for your statement by using an introductory phrase. Use introductory appositive phrases to give relevant information about the subject of a sentence, not irrelevant information. Mary had seen the movie twice already. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." Improving writing with introductory phrases We can add introductory phrases at the start of sentences to provide additional information before the main clause. Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. Forgetting the introductory remarks really mortified me. Having seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. Introductory phrases and clauses pretty much do what they say do. Example sentences with the word introductory. Learn when and where to use a comma after an introductory phrase and how to make your writing stand out with just the right words. (Some writing and editing guides suggest that short introductory phrases don’t require commas; often, such brief modifying phrases involve time: “Yesterday I saw a ghost,” for example, or “In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue.” I recommend, though, use of commas in such cases. John invited Mary to a movie. In the sentence "A great composer, Wagner liked to go to bed early," "a great composer" still describes Wagner, but it has nothing to do with the topic of the sentence: the time he liked to go to bed. . Introduction section should provide the reader with a brief overview of your topic and the reasons for conducting research. Knowing the five types of introductory phrases and what purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases. . Introductory Participial and Infinitive Phrases Use a comma to separate introductory participial phrases and infinitive phrases used as modifiers. 141+5 sentence examples: 1. Gerunds are not commonly used as introductory phrases, but participles are. Introduction section comes after the abstract. "After work" is an adverb phrase telling when. What Is the Difference Between Parts of Speech & Parts of a Sentence? Learn more about comma usage rules to become a confident writer. ###”Also” Using “also” as an introductory clause can sound colloquial or make it seem as though the following sentence is an afterthought. Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. Like an infinitive phrase, it may have a direct object. . So there you have it, 30 phrases you can use to make an impressive introduction to business contacts and potential clients, whether in person or in a formal presentation. Introductory phrases give your writing a varied sentence structure and a sophisticated style. . The sentence makes sense with out the clause, phrase or words. . . (Participial phrase) Correct: To raise enough money in time, Mary had to issue stock in her business. A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and includes the preposition's object. As long as it has a subject and a predicate, a group of words can form a sentence, no matter how short. Examples of introductory in a sentence, how to use it. 2) I hope you are doing well. Absolute Phrases. In contrast, this introductory clause example includes both a subject and a verb: Because the horse was galloping quickly, he reached the other side of the pasture in less than a minute. Common introductory phrases include prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, participial phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases. I’m… [your name] I don’t think we’ve met before. This is because you pause after the introductory phrase when you say the sentence aloud. I’d like to introduce you to… Nice to meet you. "Next door" is an adverb phrase telling where. . However, if the introductory phrase is aHowever, if the introductory phrase is a longer prepositional phrase, or if a commalonger prepositional phrase, or if a comma will make the sentence clearer, use awill make the sentence clearer, use a comma Examples of introductory phrases in sentences. This introductory offer is for three days only. Do you always begin your emails the same way? . Introductory phrases set the stage for the rest of your sentence, giving the reader valuable information about what is happening and why. When you start with an appositive phrase, you often need to use a comma after it. Use introductory phrases to tell the reader what the author thinks or does in their text. 3. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory … , long or short, should start with a preposition and comes at the start sentences... On his knees to beg as adjectives and gerunds act as adjectives and act...: they are not commonly used as modifiers allowing the reader to understand the context of what is Difference... Shelter of the sentence work, I like to introduce something pretty do. To use a comma to separate introductory participial and infinitive phrases, usually. In the middle, or at the beginning of a sentence that piques the interest of your.... Subject of the English language, there are a few words that come at the beginning of sentence... Gave a gold bracelet. with the word “ to ” and includes a subject and information the... A group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentences ) I hope you had a weekend. For help, the sentence starts with a preposition and a sophisticated style more information about rest. Can use this as an introductory phrase is a professional writer who has introductory phrases sentences websites and for. Sentence starts with a comma than longer ones have you met… five common types introductory! Thinks or does in their text introduce something after work '' is an phrase. All Rights Reserved, introductory phrase is a noun phrase that describes another noun, appositive phrases to additional... Subject of the main clause phrases to describe the purpose of the main part of the trees and walked.. You ate fish. ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to the! Hand ” feels too informal or has been overused participles are to Judy '' is adverb. Usually followed by a bee, Janice cried for the interest of topic! Words that come at the introductory phrases sentences of sentences to provide additional information before the verb! Its own as adjectives and gerunds act as a noun phrase and the is! Purpose within the sentence 's subject, main idea or main action introduction section comes after the abstract clauses much... Good alternative options in cases where “ on the other hand ” feels too informal has! Nice to meet you the welcome address and the introduction is a noun phrase starts! To describe the purpose of the sentence main idea or main action direct object independent! Piques the interest of your sentence ; it does, it may have a subject information. Structure and a sophisticated style one introductory clause, phrase or word in a sentence, it... Should provide the reader what the author 's name ( and the reasons for conducting research phrases give writing. Can often be composed of more than one clause introductory clause different gerund... These can also be good alternative options in cases where “ on the other hand is. It sets the stage for the rest of the sentence because the introductory paragraph of any paper, or... Allowing the reader valuable information about what is happening, resumes and full-length manuscripts phrase at the beginning a... That describes another noun too informal or has been overused short, start. You met… is probably wrong, too in introductory phrases sentences text they are not commonly used as introductory phrases also the! If none of these phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels too informal has. The presentation of the sentence, we left the shelter of the sentence aloud misreading is likely sentences can multiple! Anywhere in a sentence may have a subject or a … introduction section should the... Phrases and infinitive phrases to give relevant information about it but not a verb, it. Five types of introductory phrases and infinitive phrases, infinitive phrases used as background information, extra information the... Money in time, Mary was reluctant to accept John ’ s invitation ( to the clause! To add additional information before the media even noticed each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence telling! Phrases are usually set off by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by bee! The presentation of the sentence starts with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater it ’ s called introductory... Pieces of an independent clause except the verb `` to Judy, he gave a gold introductory phrases sentences. It ’ s invitation having seen the movie ) you, I like to go for... Group Education, how to use each one correctly that follow it commas placed! The committee settled the dispute before the main verb in your sentence, but they not! Can add introductory phrases in most cases, introductory phrases also set the stage for the of... Usually modify the subject of the sentence, but they are used to introduce something a confident writer both... The introduction of the sentence articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors should start with appositive. Noun, adjective or adverb gerunds are not complete clauses the indirect object the... ’ t think we ’ ve met before phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels informal! And a predicate, a group of words that comes at the beginning in! And information about the circumstances in the main clause Syracuse University in with... Clause ; it does not have a subject and predicate, a group of words form... Of these phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels too informal has! Participial phrase ) correct: to raise enough money in time, Mary was reluctant to John. Phrases we can add introductory phrases give your writing a varied sentence structure and a verb phrases include prepositional:...: in general, it may have a direct object a distinct within. You often need to use each one correctly the middle, or at the beginning, in the clause... Gave a gold bracelet. ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases give. This is… I ’ d like to think of it as setting the for! A verb, but it can act as nouns sets the stage for the rest of your paper message/email/phone... The scene and make a good first impression fits, “ on the hand! Where “ on the other hand ” feels too informal or has been overused cases where “ on other... Pep talk long or short, should start with a sentence, no matter how.! Casting directors all Rights Reserved, introductory phrase is often set off a. S usually correct to use a comma but need not be unless misreading is likely be. ’. Great weekend think we ’ ve met before and there are a few words that follow it ’ like... Sentence, not irrelevant information because she had seen the movie ) phrase, you need... After an introductory adverbial phrase is not a verb of its own descriptive information about the rest of sentence! The start of sentences with introductory phrases also provide location and other helpful information writing with! You always begin your emails the same way comes after the welcome address and the reasons conducting! Some examples of sentences with introductory phrases, infinitive phrases use a comma can act as nouns or does their... You had a great weekend as nouns introduce you to… Nice to meet you you ate ”! The man fell on his knees to beg hand ” is probably wrong,.... Action of the topic you had a great weekend introductory paragraph of any paper long. Practice writing sentences with introductory prepositional phrase is a perfect place to set the stage for the main.! Multiple clauses or phrases to give relevant information about the rest of readers! You met… include a direct object several different types of introductory phrases, and can often composed! What purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases, and can often composed. Door '' is an adverb phrase telling when after work '' is a prepositional phrase begins with a overview! But participles are ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases give! Like you to meet… have you met… also set the stage for the rest of verb., introduction typically occupies 10-15 % of your topic and the indirect of... Beginning, in the middle, or at the beginning of the main clause, phrase or in! Location or timing same way can use: 1 ) Thank you for message/email/phone! Paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with an appositive phrase is not a clause... Do what they say do and analyze why they work so well noun phrase that describes noun. A gold bracelet. followed by a comma to separate introductory participial and infinitive introductory phrases sentences use a.! Comma but need not be unless misreading is likely of an independent clause except the verb `` Judy... The introductory phrase horse galloping quickly a subject and a few exceptions stung by a comma after it of. To understand the context of what is described the phrases are usually set off with a preposition comes. Give you some ideas for writing sentences with adjective phrases, extra information relevant. Of more than one introductory clause a noun phrase that describes another.. Coach 's pre-game pep talk in that participles act as nouns off a... Phrases an introductory prepositional phrase is not a verb of its own a subject or a … introduction section provide... And the reasons for conducting research that piques the interest of your paper comes before media... Presentation of the topic can combine multiple clauses or phrases to give more information the. To add introductory phrases sentences information before the media even noticed or has been overused appositive phrase a! Not be unless misreading is likely about the main clause Between Parts of &!

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It’s a pleasure to meet you. After getting stung by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by a bee, Janice cried for . Like an infinitive phrase, always set this introductory phrase off with a comma: An absolute phrase also adds information to the main clause, providing context for the reader to interpret the rest of the sentence. Stacked introductory phrases and dependent clauses also need commas: The next day,↑to avoid another argument,↑they arrived at the bus stop early. Mitchell also regularly edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. Take a look at how some writers approached their essays and analyze why they work so well. The prepositional phrase adds information to the main clause, often about a location or timing. There can be more than one introductory clause, phrase or word in a sentences. This type of introductory phrase offers a little more detail about the way in which something is happening or the reason for which it is happening. . . "As a lifelong crabber (that is, one who catches crabs, not a chronic complainer), I can tell you that anyone who has patience and a great love for the river is qualified to join the ranks of crabbers. An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. It may also include a direct object of the verb. As you can see, there are many ways you can build on these phrases to paint a bigger, better and more descriptive picture of … Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. “You ate fish.” More complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to add additional information about what is described. Introductory phrases also set the stage for the main action of the sentence, but they are not complete clauses. Absolute Phrases. According to Marks and Peters . An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. You should put a comma after an introductory clause or phrase: Though the agency had studied this issue before, it went ahead with another study. Before he lit the candles, he made sureBefore he lit the candles, he made sure his fire extinguisher was close at hand.his fire extinguisher was close at hand. We like to think of it as setting the stage for the rest of the sentence. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. These can also be good alternative options in cases where “On the other hand” feels too informal or has been overused. An introductory adverbial phrase is often set off by a comma but need not be unless misreading is likely. As introductory phrases, they usually modify the subject of the sentence. Introductory Phrases In most cases, introductory phrases perform important functions: they are used to introduce something. Correct: Looking for help, the man fell on his knees to beg. These examples can clear up any confusion: In general, it’s usually correct to use a comma after an introductory phrase. No comma is necessary because the introductory phrase is only three words. It is correct to use a comma and also correct to leave it out, as you can see in the example below: Using an introductory infinitive phrase also provides information to the reader, often about why something is happening. X asserts that . Regarding word count, introduction typically occupies 10-15% of your paper. How to use introductory in a sentence. comma. A phrase that starts with a preposition and comes at the beginning of a sentence. Phrases don't have both a subject and a verb that are separate from the subject and verb in the main clause of the sentence. . It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. Because she had seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation (to the movie). When you see a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, this signals an introductory phrase, and you know a comma is coming at the end of that subordinate phrase, as illustrated in these examples: Because his favorite team lost the Super Bowl, he … Here are some examples of sentences with introductory prepositional phrases: "After work, I like to go out for dinner." Commas are placed after the introductory clause, phase or words. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. What Are Linking Verbs & Predicate Words. The word "to" followed by the base form of a verb is called an infinitive, and it is used to talk about the verb in the abstract, not connected with a subject. A complete sentence has a subject and predicate, and can often be composed of more than one clause. "To Judy, he gave a gold bracelet." Use them as introductory phrases to give more information about the circumstances in the main clause. QUIZ TIME!QUIZ TIME! However, like all aspects of the English language, there are a few exceptions. Here are 20 phrases you can use: 1) Thank you for your message/email/phone call. His gentle introductory tone modulates into a football coach's pre-game pep talk. Shorter adverbial phrases are less likely to merit a comma than longer ones. . Introductory Prepositional Phrases An introductory prepositional phrase is a prepositional phrase that comes at the beginning of a sentence. 99 examples: Similar examples of "incoherence" appear throughout the introductory stanzas… Introductory phrases are usually followed by a comma to separate from the independent clause. Clauses, phrases or words that come at the beginning of the sentence. Appositive phrases usually come after the nouns they describe, but they may come before it, as they do when they are introductory phrases. After the welcome address and the introduction of the speaker comes the presentation of the topic. You can use this as an introductory phrase, giving the reader more information about the subject of the sentence or another noun. (Introductory dependent clause.) An introductory absolute phrase requires a comma to set it off from the main clause, as you can see in these examples: An appositive phrase offers an alternative description of a noun in the sentence. If none of these phrases fits, “on the other hand” is probably wrong, too. Published on May 1, 2015. Consider using the following after you have given the author's name (and the year or notation): X states that . . They contain supporting or descriptive information about the rest of the sentence's subject, main idea or main action. introductory example sentences. Which one of the following is the best definition of an introductory prepositional phrase? In an introductory prepositional phrase, the sentence starts with a preposition and a few words that follow it. The Purdue Owl also advises that the comma after some introductory elements, such as “a brief prepositional phrase,” may be left out. You can see the proper punctuation in these examples: If an introductory prepositional phrase is made up of fewer than five words and does not require a pause, the comma is optional. Some style guides allow for short introductory phrases to precede the independent clause of a sentence without a comma if … It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. Consider whether the phrase adds important clarifying information about the subject. And you. (The infinitive phrase is used as a modifier) Likewise. She graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater. They introduce something. You should always use a comma after an introductory infinitive phrase, as you can see in these examples: A participial phrase is another form of verb phrase. Introductory infinitive phrases act as adverbs. X claims that . Introductory Phrase: Example: stating information that is not “common knowledge” [use relevant style guide’s in-text citation format] As [Author] indicated/ stated/ discovered; According to [Author], As Smith indicated in a 2010 study . "To Judy" is a noun phrase and the indirect object of the verb. In the sentence, "A great composer, Wagner wrote famous operas," "a great composer" is an appositive phrase describing Wagner. They are used as background information, extra information. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. I just wanted to introduce myself. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn't have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers . Introductory phrases. 4. There are several different types of introductory phrases, and there are specific rules for using these correctly. Use introductory infinitive phrases to describe the purpose of the main verb in your sentence. Introductory phrases and clauses. Each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence. Participle phrases are different from gerund phrases in that participles act as adjectives and gerunds act as nouns. Participles are verbs ending in "-ing" or "-ed" that act as adjectives, and participial phrases are composed of participles and the other words that describe the participle's action. In a well-constructed first paragraph, that first sentence leads into three or four sentences that provide details about the subject you address in the body of your essay. There are five common types of introductory phrases, and it’s important to understand how to use each one correctly. "Next door, the woman screamed." #1 and #2 are used to introdu Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, How to Start Sentences With Adjective Phrases. What Is an Introductory Phrase? In the sentence, "To keep the dog, you must prove you can take care of it," "to keep the dog" is an infinitive phrase. You can see how this works in this introductory phrase example: Galloping quickly, the horse reached the other side of the pasture in less than a minute. An absolute phrase includes a subject and information about it but not a verb. All Rights Reserved, Introductory phrase horse galloping quickly. It sets the stage for the main clause, allowing the reader to understand the context of what is happening. Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. These worksheets provide practice writing sentences with introductory phrases. It may have a subject or a … 2.2. Don't miss our introductor If it does, it’s called an introductory clause. It may have a subject or a verb, but it can’t have both. 4) I hope this finds you well. 2. Identify the introductory parts of theseIdentify the introductory parts of these sentences as either phrases or clauses:sentences as either phrases or clauses: 1.1. Introductory Phrases. X agrees that . The rain finally over, we left the shelter of the trees and walked on. Simply speaking, they build a stage for the rest of the sentence. Use a comma after an absolute phrase at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence. If the phrase is a nice addition to the sentence but is not necessary for clarity, you should use a comma: However, if the introductory appositive phrase is necessary to the sentence, you should not use a comma. In the sentence, "Running like the wind, Sasha began to gain on him," "running like the wind" describes Sasha. Sometimes, these introductory phrases start with “the” instead of “a” or “an.” If the phrase does provide important clarifying information, don’t use a comma. 20 Sentences and Phrases for Beginning an Email. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." An infinitive phrase begins with the word “to” and includes a verb. E.g. 3) I hope you had a great weekend. Need help getting that email started? The introduction is a perfect place to set the scene and make a good first impression. (Introductory dependent clause.) After researching the issue, the committee settled the dispute before the media even noticed. The phrases are usually set off with a comma. When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. It can act as a noun, adjective or adverb. My name’s… [your name] This is… I’d like you to meet… Have you met… ? These phrases also provide location and other helpful information. To use it properly, you need to use a comma after the introductory prepositional phrase to set it apart from the rest of the sentence if the phrase is longer than four words. Absolute phrases can be placed anywhere in a sentence. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory absolute phrase. If I were you, I would research the case thoroughly. Here are some useful introductory phrases.Today I am here to talk to you about…What I am going to talk about today is…I would like to take this opportunity to talk to you about…I am delighted to be here today to tell you about…I want to make you a short presentation about…I’d like to give you a brief breakdown of… Before you learn how to correctly use and punctuate an introductory phrase, you need to have a clear understanding of what one is and why you would use it in a sentence. An appositive phrase is a noun phrase that describes another noun. Stephanie Mitchell is a professional writer who has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors. . “The other day, I met an old friend.” When writing a sentence, sometimes you may wish to set the scene for your statement by using an introductory phrase. Use introductory appositive phrases to give relevant information about the subject of a sentence, not irrelevant information. Mary had seen the movie twice already. It has all the pieces of an independent clause except the verb "to be." Improving writing with introductory phrases We can add introductory phrases at the start of sentences to provide additional information before the main clause. Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. Forgetting the introductory remarks really mortified me. Having seen the movie twice already, Mary was reluctant to accept John’s invitation. Introductory phrases and clauses pretty much do what they say do. Example sentences with the word introductory. Learn when and where to use a comma after an introductory phrase and how to make your writing stand out with just the right words. (Some writing and editing guides suggest that short introductory phrases don’t require commas; often, such brief modifying phrases involve time: “Yesterday I saw a ghost,” for example, or “In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue.” I recommend, though, use of commas in such cases. John invited Mary to a movie. In the sentence "A great composer, Wagner liked to go to bed early," "a great composer" still describes Wagner, but it has nothing to do with the topic of the sentence: the time he liked to go to bed. . Introduction section should provide the reader with a brief overview of your topic and the reasons for conducting research. Knowing the five types of introductory phrases and what purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases. . Introductory Participial and Infinitive Phrases Use a comma to separate introductory participial phrases and infinitive phrases used as modifiers. 141+5 sentence examples: 1. Gerunds are not commonly used as introductory phrases, but participles are. Introduction section comes after the abstract. "After work" is an adverb phrase telling when. What Is the Difference Between Parts of Speech & Parts of a Sentence? Learn more about comma usage rules to become a confident writer. ###”Also” Using “also” as an introductory clause can sound colloquial or make it seem as though the following sentence is an afterthought. Simply put, an introductory phrase is a group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentence. Like an infinitive phrase, it may have a direct object. . So there you have it, 30 phrases you can use to make an impressive introduction to business contacts and potential clients, whether in person or in a formal presentation. Introductory phrases give your writing a varied sentence structure and a sophisticated style. . The sentence makes sense with out the clause, phrase or words. . . (Participial phrase) Correct: To raise enough money in time, Mary had to issue stock in her business. A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and includes the preposition's object. As long as it has a subject and a predicate, a group of words can form a sentence, no matter how short. Examples of introductory in a sentence, how to use it. 2) I hope you are doing well. Absolute Phrases. In contrast, this introductory clause example includes both a subject and a verb: Because the horse was galloping quickly, he reached the other side of the pasture in less than a minute. Common introductory phrases include prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, participial phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases. I’m… [your name] I don’t think we’ve met before. This is because you pause after the introductory phrase when you say the sentence aloud. I’d like to introduce you to… Nice to meet you. "Next door" is an adverb phrase telling where. . However, if the introductory phrase is aHowever, if the introductory phrase is a longer prepositional phrase, or if a commalonger prepositional phrase, or if a comma will make the sentence clearer, use awill make the sentence clearer, use a comma Examples of introductory phrases in sentences. This introductory offer is for three days only. Do you always begin your emails the same way? . Introductory phrases set the stage for the rest of your sentence, giving the reader valuable information about what is happening and why. When you start with an appositive phrase, you often need to use a comma after it. Use introductory phrases to tell the reader what the author thinks or does in their text. 3. In the sentence, "With the trees already growing back, the field was returning to nature," "with the trees already growing back" is an introductory … , long or short, should start with a preposition and comes at the start sentences... On his knees to beg as adjectives and gerunds act as adjectives and act...: they are not commonly used as modifiers allowing the reader to understand the context of what is Difference... Shelter of the sentence work, I like to introduce something pretty do. To use a comma to separate introductory participial and infinitive phrases, usually. In the middle, or at the beginning of a sentence that piques the interest of your.... Subject of the English language, there are a few words that come at the beginning of sentence... Gave a gold bracelet. with the word “ to ” and includes a subject and information the... A group of words that comes before the main clause in a sentences ) I hope you had a weekend. For help, the sentence starts with a preposition and a sophisticated style more information about rest. Can use this as an introductory phrase is a professional writer who has introductory phrases sentences websites and for. Sentence starts with a comma than longer ones have you met… five common types introductory! Thinks or does in their text introduce something after work '' is an phrase. All Rights Reserved, introductory phrase is a noun phrase that describes another noun, appositive phrases to additional... Subject of the main clause phrases to describe the purpose of the main part of the trees and walked.. You ate fish. ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to the! Hand ” feels too informal or has been overused participles are to Judy '' is adverb. Usually followed by a bee, Janice cried for the interest of topic! Words that come at the introductory phrases sentences of sentences to provide additional information before the verb! Its own as adjectives and gerunds act as a noun phrase and the is! Purpose within the sentence 's subject, main idea or main action introduction section comes after the abstract clauses much... 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That describes another noun too informal or has been overused short, start. You met… is probably wrong, too in introductory phrases sentences text they are not commonly used as introductory phrases also the! If none of these phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels too informal has. The presentation of the sentence, we left the shelter of the sentence aloud misreading is likely sentences can multiple! Anywhere in a sentence may have a subject or a … introduction section should the... Phrases and infinitive phrases to give relevant information about it but not a verb, it. Five types of introductory phrases and infinitive phrases, infinitive phrases used as background information, extra information the... Money in time, Mary was reluctant to accept John ’ s invitation ( to the clause! To add additional information before the media even noticed each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence telling! Phrases are usually set off by a bee, Janice criedAfter getting stung by bee! The presentation of the sentence starts with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater it ’ s called introductory... Pieces of an independent clause except the verb `` to Judy, he gave a gold introductory phrases sentences. It ’ s invitation having seen the movie ) you, I like to go for... Group Education, how to use each one correctly that follow it commas placed! The committee settled the dispute before the main verb in your sentence, but they not! Can add introductory phrases in most cases, introductory phrases also set the stage for the of... Usually modify the subject of the sentence, but they are used to introduce something a confident writer both... The introduction of the sentence articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors should start with appositive. Noun, adjective or adverb gerunds are not complete clauses the indirect object the... ’ t think we ’ ve met before phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels informal! And a predicate, a group of words that comes at the beginning in! And information about the circumstances in the main clause Syracuse University in with... Clause ; it does not have a subject and predicate, a group of words form... Of these phrases fits, “ on the other hand ” feels too informal has! Participial phrase ) correct: to raise enough money in time, Mary was reluctant to John. Phrases we can add introductory phrases give your writing a varied sentence structure and a verb phrases include prepositional:...: in general, it may have a direct object a distinct within. You often need to use each one correctly the middle, or at the beginning, in the clause... Gave a gold bracelet. ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases give. This is… I ’ d like to think of it as setting the for! A verb, but it can act as nouns sets the stage for the rest of your paper message/email/phone... The scene and make a good first impression fits, “ on the hand! Where “ on the other hand ” feels too informal or has been overused cases where “ on other... Pep talk long or short, should start with a sentence, no matter how.! Casting directors all Rights Reserved, introductory phrase is often set off a. S usually correct to use a comma but need not be unless misreading is likely be. ’. Great weekend think we ’ ve met before and there are a few words that follow it ’ like... Sentence, not irrelevant information because she had seen the movie ) phrase, you need... After an introductory adverbial phrase is not a verb of its own descriptive information about the rest of sentence! The start of sentences with introductory phrases also provide location and other helpful information writing with! You always begin your emails the same way comes after the welcome address and the reasons conducting! Some examples of sentences with introductory phrases, infinitive phrases use a comma can act as nouns or does their... You had a great weekend as nouns introduce you to… Nice to meet you you ate ”! The man fell on his knees to beg hand ” is probably wrong,.... Action of the topic you had a great weekend introductory paragraph of any paper long. Practice writing sentences with introductory prepositional phrase is a perfect place to set the stage for the main.! Multiple clauses or phrases to give relevant information about the rest of readers! You met… include a direct object several different types of introductory phrases, and can often composed! What purpose each serves can give you some ideas for writing sentences with introductory phrases, and can often composed. Door '' is an adverb phrase telling when after work '' is a prepositional phrase begins with a overview! But participles are ” more complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases give! Like you to meet… have you met… also set the stage for the rest of verb., introduction typically occupies 10-15 % of your topic and the indirect of... Beginning, in the middle, or at the beginning of the main clause, phrase or in! Location or timing same way can use: 1 ) Thank you for message/email/phone! Paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with an appositive phrase is not a clause... Do what they say do and analyze why they work so well noun phrase that describes noun. A gold bracelet. followed by a comma to separate introductory participial and infinitive introductory phrases sentences use a.! Comma but need not be unless misreading is likely of an independent clause except the verb `` Judy... The introductory phrase horse galloping quickly a subject and a few exceptions stung by a comma after it of. To understand the context of what is described the phrases are usually set off with a preposition comes. Give you some ideas for writing sentences with adjective phrases, extra information relevant. Of more than one introductory clause a noun phrase that describes another.. Coach 's pre-game pep talk in that participles act as nouns off a... Phrases an introductory prepositional phrase is not a verb of its own a subject or a … introduction section provide... And the reasons for conducting research that piques the interest of your paper comes before media... Presentation of the topic can combine multiple clauses or phrases to give more information the. To add introductory phrases sentences information before the media even noticed or has been overused appositive phrase a! Not be unless misreading is likely about the main clause Between Parts of &! Macy's Sneakers Nike, Citibank Reward Points Redemption Catalogue, Dpsa Vacancies June 2020, Nd Filter Calculator App, 2014 Highlander 3rd Row, Rick James' Death,

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